East Java or Jawa Timur included Madura Island has a total population of 29.2 million with the area of 47.922 sq km. The majority of population are javanese, but many maduranese farmers, fishermen live in East Java. they are familiar faces, particulary around Surabaya, the capital of the province. In Bromo area is a small population of Hindu Tenggerese.
Geographically, much of province is flatter than the rest of Java. In the north-west is low land with deltas along Brantas River and Bengawan Solo. But the rest of East Java is mountainous and hilly, containing the huge Bromo-Tebgger massif and Java's highest monutain Mt. Semeru. This region offers a raw, natural beauty and magneficent scenery.
Major attractions for the visitors include the magnificent Gunung Bromo, still one of Java's active volcanoes. Then there is a host of other mountains, pleasant walks, and fine hill towns, like Malang. In the north-east corner of the province there is also the important Baluran National Park, the most accessible of Java's wildlife reserves. Finally, although East Java is closely related culturally to Central Java, the Madurese are best known for their rugged sport called Kerapan Sapi, the famous bull races which take place on the island during August and September.